alexandria, arlington, art, artist, biography, bluemont, bon air park, holocaust, impressionism, jan komski, komski, landscape, landscapes, leesburg, loudon, northern virginia, paint, painting, survivor, virginia, w&od, washington and old dominion
Jan Komski (February 3, 1915 in Bircza – July 20, 2002 in Arlington County, Virginia) was a Polish painter. He studied painting, anatomy, and art history at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts.
During World War II, he worked in the resistance movement. In 1940 he fled Poland and headed toward France to join Sikorski’s Army that was being formed there. However, he was arrested at the border of Czechoslovakia and imprisoned in Nowy Sącz and Tarnów before being sent to Auschwitz I in the first prisoner transport to that concentration camp. He was given prisoner number 564 under the name Jon Baraś, due to the forged identification papers he was carrying when arrested.
On December 29, 1942, he escaped Auschwitz I with three other prisoners: Mieczyslaw Januszewski, Boleslaw Kuczbara, and Otto Küsel. Sixteen days later he was recaptured on a train heading toward Warsaw. Fortunately, he used a false name in his first arrest, as the Germans would have executed him on the spot had they known he was an Auschwitz escapee. He was sent to Montelupich Prison and from there back to Auschwitz II where he was given the prisoner number 152,884. During the last few years of World War II he was moved to Buchenwald, then to Gross-Rosen, Hersbruck and finally Dachau where he was liberated on April 29, 1945 by the United States Army.
After the war, he lived in Displaced Persons camps in Bavaria and Munich, where he married another Auschwitz survivor. They moved to the United States in 1949. In the U.S., he worked as a graphic artist with The Washington Post. Over the years, he created many drawings and paintings of life in a concentration camp.
Tempering his depictions of wartime horrors, he created a massive body of work that examined the beauty and serenity of his new home. This collection is the first such attempt at presenting these works to the general public. Traveling all over Northern Virginia, Jan crafted dreamy impressions of his surroundings– a soft and gentle present in contrast to his harsh past. And in these strokes, a hope for a greater future.
He was featured alongside fellow concentration camp survivors and artists Dinah Gottliebova and Felix Nussbaum in the 1999 documentary film Eyewitness, which was nominated for an Academy Award for Documentary Short Subject.